Leadgate Community History Club

LEADGATE FALLEN 1916

Verdun and the Somme

News From The Front

Significant Engagements 1916

1916 Grinding B​attles of Attrition: Verdun and the Somme

The year 1916 witnessed two of the most notorious battles of attrition in the Great War, resulting in thousands of casualties for both the Allied and German Armies on the Western Front

German Attempt to Break the French Army

BATTLE OF VERDUN

Map of the Verdun Battlefield

The Battle of Verdun (21 February - 18 December 1916) was the longest battle in the First World War, lasting for almost a year. Verdun held a special place in French history, it was the main bastion of French resistance during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. The German commander on the western front saw that France would defend Verdun at all costs, it was hoped that it would be a place where the French Army could be bled dry. General Petain was quoted as saying "On ne passe pas" or in English "They shall not pass".

Franco-British Offensive on the Somme Front

The first Battle of the Somme in 1916 was as much about relieving the pressure on Verdun as it was about gaining territory. The first day of the advance 1st July 1916 saw the biggest losses in the history of the British Army; 57,470 casualties, including 19,240 fatalities.

Map showing the Somme Battlefields

Battle of the Somme 1916 comprised several phases as:

The Battle of Albert (1 - 13 July 1916)
The Gommecourt Salient subsidiary attack (1 July 1916)
The Battle of Bazentin (14 - 17 July 1916)
The Attacks at High Wood (20 - 25 July 1916)
The Battle of Delville Wood (15 July - 3 September 1916)
The Battle of Pozières (23 July - 3 September 1916)
The Battle of Guillemont (3 - 6 September 1916)
The Battle of Ginchy (9 September 1916)
The Battle of Flers-Courcelette (15 - 22 September 1916)
The Battle of Morval (25 - 28 September 1916)
The Battle of Thiepval (26 - 28 September 1916)
The Battle of Le Transloy (1 - 18 October 1916)
The Battle of the Ancre Heights (1 October - 11 November 1916)
The Battle of the Ancre 1916 (13 - 18 November 1916

In Remembrance

The Leadgate men who fell in 1916 

GEORGE SMEATON  (Cornsey in 1911 then moved to Derwent Cottages) b:1880 d:27/05/1916  12th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated  Bois De Noulette British Cemetery Aix Noulete Memorials: Medomsley

THOMAS McGRATH  (180 BOTTLE BANK (193 Sunderland Street)) b:1879 d:31/05/1916  6th Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment Buried / Commemorated Courcelette British Cemetery  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Brooms Calvary

EDWARD H LEE  (16 Tindale Street (507 Tin Street)) b:1885 d:06/06/1916  12th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Arras Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Leadgate Club

ISAAC TINKLER (Lived Front St Leadgate, 10 Percy Terrace (Next to Black Bull)) b:1880 d:07/06/1916 (at home) Tyneside Scottish  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

JOHN W KIRKPATRICK  (3, Watson's Yard, George St., Whitehaven. Moved to Iveston 1911-1914) b:1894 d:09/06/1916  15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Dartmoor Cemetery, Becordel Becourt  Memorials: Durham Road: Iveston

T. MURPHY  (4 Fern Terrace Derwent Cottages) b:1879 d:13/06/1916 15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated Corbie Communal Cemetery Extension  Memorials: Medomsley

HERBERT WARD HAGGERSTON  (19 North Cross Street (Lived 308 North Cross Street )) b:1899 d:19/06/1916 1st/4th Battalion Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Aveluy Communal Cemetery Extension  Memorials: Batley

PETER CASTLING (1 Nelson Street) b:1881 d:01/07/1916 27th (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers  Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Burnopfield

James D Gill (342 South Cross Street) b:1895 d: 01/07/1916 15th Battalion Durham Light Infantry Burried / Commemorated Theipval Memorial Memorials: Durham Road: St.Ives Plaque.

FRANCIS LOVE TELFORD  (17 West Street) b:1883 d:01/07/1916  15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Eastbourne Methodist Church Darlington

BERNARD TURNER  (24 Church Street) b:1887 d:01/07/1916 15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Brooms Calvary: Medomsley

HENRY WILSON  (25 Valley View (34 Plantation Street)) b:1879 d:01/07/1916 15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

BENJAMIN ROBERT WILSON  (50 Durham Road) b:1895 d:01/07/1916  15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Gordon Dump Cemetery, Ovillers La Boisselle  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Leadgate Club

FRANCIS JOSEPH TURNER (175 Bottle Bank) b:1893 d:01/07/1916  27th (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road : St Ives: Brooms Calvary: Leadgate Club

ANDREW ROBSON COULSON  (35 Valley View) b:1894 d:01/07/1916 97th Coy Machine Gun Corps (Infantry)  Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Belmont

THOMAS DONNELLY  (206 Green Street) b:1882 d:04/07/1916  13th (Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Brooms Calvary

JAMES MILBURN  (16 Tindale Street(507 Tin Street)) b:1897 d:04/07/1916  15th(Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Corbie Communal Cemetery Extension  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Leadgate Club

WILLIAM CRISP  (Johnsons Cottages Iveston) b:1891 d:08/07/1916 A Company 17th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers  Buried / Commemorated London Cemetery and extension Longueval   Memorials: SAidens Blackhill

THOMAS SIDEY  (14 PLEASANT VIEW) b:1890 d:08/07/1916 12th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Medomsley

JOHN SCOTT  (13 Park Terrace) b:190? d:10/07/1916 13th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  UK Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

JOHN WILLIAM BARRON  (20 Valley View (274 Railway Street)) b:1898 d:17/07/1916  17th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Leadgate (St. Ives) Churchyard  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Leadgate Club

EVAN THOMAS WEBB  (6 Garden Place) b:1880 d:22/07/1916  20th Battalion Kings Royal Rifle Corps Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Methodists

ALBERT DOVER  (48 Valley View (13 Railway Cottages/Terrace)) b1893 d:24/07/1916 87th Brigade Royal Field Artillery  Buried / Commemorated  Quarry Cemetery, Montauban Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

PATRICK REDDY  (37 Valley View (43 Plantation Street)) b:1883 d:27/07/1916  66th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery Buried / Commemorated La Neuville British Cemetery Corbie  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Leadgate Club

JOHN THOMAS PATTERSON  (7 Church Street) b:1881 d:03/09/1916  27th (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Buried / Commemorated  Thiepval Memorial Memorials: Consett : Mentioned on gravestone in Benfieldside

ADAM FREDERICK BALLENTINE (12 Plantation Street) b:1890 d:03/09/1916  24th (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Buried / Commemorated Serre Road Cemetery No2  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

THOMAS LIDDELL  (39 North Cross Street (366 North Cross Street)) b:1896 d:03/09/1916  1st/6th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

NORMAN J. ANDERSON  (475 North Cross Street) b:1893 d:17/09/1916  1st/6th Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Leadgate Club: Methodists

ANDREW McGREGOR  (Durham Road) b:1884 d:15/09/1916 6th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment  Buried / Commemorated Lonsdale Cemetery Authuille  Memorials: Meadowfield

GEORGE P GARDNER (17 Tindale Street (491 Tin Street)) b:1887 d:01/10/1916   1st/9th BnDurham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

EDWARD THOMPSON COULSON (35 Valley View) b:1892 d:05/10/1916  15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Heilly Station Cemetery  Memorials: Unknown

JACOB CRABB  (Durham Road) b:1895 d:10/10/1916 21st Battalion Kings Royal Rifle Corps  Buried / Commemorated Caterpillar Valley Cemetery Longueval  Memorials: Cornsay: Quebec

JOSEPH HOWARD (18 Church Street) b:1889 d:05/10/1916 2nd Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated Etaples Military Cemetery  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

ANDREW T SNAITH  (2 South Cross Street (3 Bantling Castle and 335 South Cross Street)) b:1889 d:07/10/1916  13th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated  Thiepval Memorial Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives: Leadgate Club

JOHN WILLIAM ALDERTON  (?) b:1888 d:09/10/1916  2nd (Garrison) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Buried / Commemorated Ahmednagar Government Cemetery (India)  Memorials: Unknown

WILLIAM ALBERT BESSFORD  b:1892 d:13/10/1916 "A" Company 15th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated  Leadgate (St. Ives) Churchyard Memorials: Durham Road

JOHN ELLIOT VIPOND  (478 North Cross Street) b:1895 d:14/10/1916  13th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Dernancourt Communal Cemetery Extension  Memorials: Durham Road: St Ives

GEORGE POSTLE  (173 Bottle Bank) b:1881 d:04/11/1916  13th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Railway Dugouts Burial Ground  Memorials: Durham Road

RICHARD SHAW  (Durham Road?) b:1892 d:13/11/1916 2nd R.M. Battalion Royal Naval Division Royal Marine Light Infantry Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Stanley

STANLEY BROWN  (Masons Arms Iveston) b:1883 d:24/11/1916 22nd Battalion Durham Light Infantry.  Buried / Commemorated Guards Cemetery, Lesboeufs  Memorials: Durham Road: Iveston

THOMAS WILSON  (Burn House Iveston) b:1892 d:13/12/1916 11th (Service) Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated Thiepval Memorial  Memorials: Durham Road St Ives: Iveston

FREDERICK HATTAMS  (54 Front Street (Lived 81 Front Street 1911 then moved to Lanchester)) b:1886 d:27/12/1916 Army Service Corps Buried / Commemorated Acton Cemetery  Memorials: Lanchester

JOHN BRANNIGAN  (16 Plantation Street) b:1892 d:27/12/1916  1st/8th Battalion Durham Light Infantry  Buried / Commemorated St. Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen  Memorials: Lanchester

Acknowledgements

Leadgate Community History Club would like to thank Andy Plant for his research in creating the original database.

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